A barbarian warrior sets off to avenge his parents and his tribe whom were slain by an evil sorcerer and his henchmen when he was a boy. The s (pronounced "nineteen-eighties", commonly shortened as the "'80s", pronounced "eighties") was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1. The decade of the s tended to consolidate the gains made in the seventies rather than to initiate any new trends equal to the large number of disaster movies. The global pornographic film industry is dominated by the United States, with the San Fernando Valley area of Los Angeles, California being the heart of the industry.
The industry continued to pander to the tastes and desires of young people - one of the negative legacies of Star Wars of the late 70s.
A number of the studios were taken over by multi-national conglomerates as their entertainment divisions: The Search for a Blockbuster: The Extra-Terrestrial with a lovable stranded alien, inspired by Peter Pan , the resurrection themes of Christianity, and with an anti-science bias. Because costly film decisions were more in the hands of people making the financial decisions, not the film makers, movies were made only if they could guarantee financial success, thereby pandering to a few select, well-known star names attached to film titles without as much attention paid to intelligent scripts.
And one more at the start of the 90s, director Brian De Palma's political satire The Bonfire of the Vanities , vaguely based upon Tom Wolfe's best-selling saga about stockbroker Sherman McCoy, featured multi-million dollar contracts for its miscast stars Tom Hanks and Bruce Willis. Producer Don Simpson partnered with Jerry Bruckheimer has been credited with the creation of the high-concept picture or modern Hollywood blockbuster , although its roots could be seen in the late 70s i.
His conservative reign and hard-edged approach toward the Soviet Union was reflected in Hollywood's many action-adventure films of the decade with aggressive, macho stars Rocky, Rambo, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Chuck Norris, Steven Seagal, Clint Eastwood and others - even his futuristic anti-missile defense system co-opted the name of Lucas' 70s film Star Wars Jodie Foster was stalked by mentally-impaired John Hinckley, who tried to impress the actress by attempting to assassinate Reagan in late March, actress and aerobics guru Jane Fonda sporting a striped leotard and leg warmers released a workout videotape, Jane Fonda's Workout , that became one of the hottest best-sellers for years, due to the increased proliferation of the home VCR George Lucas' THX sound system made its debut - the first movie to be shown in a THX-certified auditorium was Return of the Jedi - see more below during the making of Twilight Zone: On the other hand, multi-plex movie theatres with multiple screens spread across the country during the 80s, while the number of drive-in theatres drastically declined.
Howard the Duck , based on Steve Gerber's 70s Marvel Comics character which went out of print in , and from executive producer George Lucas and his screenwriting pal, director Willard Huyck , was one of the worst and least successful big-budget films ever made.
His lowest common-denominator films reflected the MTV generation, such as in his debut film Flashdance - with its pop soundtrack and iconic 'freeze-frame' ending. Designed and packaged for mass audience appeal, few 80s films became what could be called 'classics'.
Trends of the 70s Extend Into the 80s: Other successes followed in the 80s: Bank-rolled support for independent 'auteur' directors of the New Wave of 70s directors who controlled their own production costs with little studio oversight ended when this film's egotistical director Best Director winner for The Deer Hunter was criticized as being self-indulgent, financially irresponsible and ego-driven.
A few independent film companies, such as New Line Cinema and Miramax , began to make more experimental and offbeat films to fill the gaps provided by the major studios.
Sony Betamax that home video-taping for personal use was not a copyright infringement. Film budgets skyrocketed due to special effects expensive digital effects and inflated salaries of name-recognition stars and their agents.
Budgets and actors salaries skyrocketed out of control, and powerful agents for agencies such as Creative Artists Agency CAA negotiated outrageous deals.
There were others that were successful, such as Ghostbusters , Romancing the Stone , and Back to the Future , and their successive sequels. John Huston's first and sole musical, Annie , a dull, uninspired major flop that barely broke even - inspired by the Broadway musical.
The film's colossal failure curtailed Hudson's major directorial efforts until the big-budget I Dreamed of Africa 15 years later, and Pacino wouldn't star in another film for four years until Sea of Love The end of the era also arrived due to similar failures by other auteurs: The film was immediately pulled, re-cut and then re-released five months later after being shortened by 70 minutes in - and still failed due to bad press.
Within a few years, it was becoming clear that blockbusters would not always insure instant profits and success: The pre-recorded video of Disney's Sleeping Beauty brought sales of over a million copies when it was released in Lucas hired Willard Hyuck and his wife Gloria Katz the screenwriter for Lucas' film American Graffiti to write the big-screen version.
Simpson was the first producer to understand and exploit the significance of MTV.
The s (pronounced "nineteen-eighties", commonly shortened as the "'80s", pronounced "eighties") was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1.
Big Losers, Flops and Bombs: The decade of the s tended to consolidate the gains made in the seventies rather than to initiate any new trends equal to the large number of disaster movies, buddy movies, or "rogue cop" movies that characterized the previous decade.
Predictions were grim for the industry - production costs were soaring while ticket prices were declining. Who would know or be able to predict that other films would be successful: By the s, all the major pay-TV cable networks had expanded their output, creating original series, films and mini-series, along with producing documentaries, stand-up comedy, and sports programming. However, fears of the demise of Hollywood proved to be premature.
Beverly Hills Cop with its 'fish-out-of-water' high concept, the sexy Thief of Hearts , the high-flying Top Gun - the epitome of Simpson's technique, and the stock-car racing film Days of Thunder again with Tom Cruise. Big business increasingly took control of the movies and the way was opened for the foreign mostly Japanese ownership of Hollywood properties. It grew to become a major nationwide chain of stores, yet faced increased competition from video-on-demand VOD , satellite TV, and lower-priced tapes combined with a shrinking market in the late s.Hope and Michael are a married couple in their thirties, living in Philadelphia, and struggling with everyday adult angst.
After the innovations of the 70s, films in the 80s were less experimental and original, but more formulaic, although there was a burst of films eager to capitalize on new special effects CGI techniques - now available.
Steven Spielberg's and George Lucas' names have often been associated with the term "blockbuster" - and their films inevitably continued to contribute to the trend during this decade, such as The Empire Strikes Back , the great and exhilarating escapist-adventure film Raiders of the Lost Ark , Return of the Jedi , and the childhood fantasy hit E.
In retrospect, many of the blockbusters in the 80s, such as those mentioned above, were well-constructed films with strong characters and plots not entirely built upon their special-effects. Most big-screen event movies, scheduled to be released at advantageous times at summer and Christmas-time would take expensive fortunes to produce - but they promised potentially lucrative payoffs.
Following this model, Hollywood continued to search, with demographic research and a "bottom line mentality," for the one large "event film" that everyone including international audiences had to see with dazzling special effects technology, sophisticated sound tracks, mega-marketing budgets, and costly, highly-paid stars.
The Introduction of 'High-Concept' Films The decade of the s tended to consolidate the gains made in the seventies rather than to initiate any new trends equal to the large number of disaster movies, buddy movies, or "rogue cop" movies that characterized the previous decade.
The Introduction of 'High-Concept' Films. The era was characterized by the introduction of 'high-concept' films - with cinematic plots that could be easily characterized by one or two sentences 25 words or less - and therefore easily marketable and understandable.
A barbarian warrior sets off to avenge his parents and his tribe whom were slain by an evil sorcerer and his henchmen when he was a boy. It was originally a 5-hour 25 minute version that was cut down to minutes for its November, NYC premiere.
To save money, many more films were being made in non-US locations by mid-decade. Letters Home From Vietnam Sales and revenues from pre-sold theatrical features for videocassette reproduction and cable TV distribution contributed increased percentages for studios' earnings - sometimes outpacing box-office profits. The Extra-Terrestrial surpassed 15 million! Michael runs an ad agency with his friend. Multi-track Dolby stereo sound, the THX sound system named after George Lucas' first feature film , and Dolby SR "spectral recording" all designed to produce higher quality sound, noise reduction, surround-sound and other special effects were introduced in the 70s and 80s, and advertised as a special feature for films such as Amadeus and Aliens His action-packed, loud, flashy, simplistic, and tightly-structured films brought crowds to the multiplexes every summer.
Many studios entered the business of producing films for commercial TV networks, and the release of their films for the home entertainment-video market became a profitable rental-sales business.
And then to illustrate the burgeoning video industry over the next few years, sales of E. The global pornographic film industry is dominated by the United States, with the San Fernando Valley area of Los Angeles, California being the heart of the industry.